- Leads to new ideas.
- Stimulate creativity.
- Motivates change.
- Promote organization vitality.
- Help individuals and groups establish identities.
- Serves as a safety valve to indicate problems.
- Diverts energy from work.
- Threatens psychological well-being.
- Wastes resources.
- Creates a negative climate.
- Breaks down group cohesion.
- Can increase hostility and aggressive behaviors.